Perhaps the most obvious is to improve precision, which is a function of manufacturing and assembly tolerances, gear tooth surface finish, and the center distance of the tooth mesh. Sound is also suffering from gear and housing components as well as lubricants. In general, be prepared to pay out more for quieter, smoother gears.
Don’t make the error of over-specifying the electric motor. Remember, the insight pinion on the planetary must be able manage the motor’s output torque. Also, if you’re utilizing a multi-stage gearhead, the output stage must be strong enough to soak up the developed torque. Certainly, using a better motor than required will require a larger and more costly gearhead.
Consider current limiting to safely impose limitations on gearbox size. With servomotors, result torque can be a linear function of current. Therefore besides safeguarding the gearbox, current limiting also defends the motor and drive by clipping peak torque, which can be from 2.5 to 3.5 times continuous torque.
In each planetary stage, five gears are simultaneously in mesh. Although you can’t really totally remove noise from such an assembly, there are many methods to reduce it.
As an ancillary benefit, the geometry of planetaries matches the form of electric motors. Thus the gearhead can be close in diameter to the servomotor, with the result shaft in-line.
Highly rigid (servo grade) gearheads are usually more expensive than lighter duty types. However, for fast acceleration and deceleration, a servo-grade gearhead could be the only sensible choice. In this kind of applications, the gearhead may be seen as a mechanical springtime. The torsional deflection resulting from the spring action adds to backlash, compounding the effects of free shaft movement.
Servo-grade gearheads incorporate a number of construction features to minimize torsional stress and deflection. Among the more prevalent are large diameter output shafts and beefed up support for satellite-equipment shafts. Stiff or “rigid” gearheads have a tendency to be the costliest of planetaries.
The kind of bearings supporting the output shaft depends on the load. High radial or axial loads generally necessitate rolling component bearings. Small planetaries could get by with low-cost sleeve bearings or additional economical types with fairly low axial and radial load capability. For bigger and servo-grade gearheads, durable result shaft bearings are often required.
Like most gears, planetaries make noise. And the faster they run, the louder they obtain.
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